Psalm 15 Who Shall Dwell In The Sanctuary Of God
1 O Lord, who shall sojourn in Thy tent?
Who shall dwell on Thy holy hill?
2 He who walks blamelessly, and does what is right,
and speaks truth from his heart;
3 who does not slander with his tongue,
and does no evil to his friend,
nor takes up a reproach against his neighbor;
4 in whose eyes a reprobate is despised,
but who honors those who fear the Lord;
who swears to his own hurt and does not change;
5 who does not put out his money at interest,
and does not take a bribe against the innocent.
He who does these things shall never be moved.
– Psalm 15
Commentary based on St. Thomas Aquinas
In Psalm 15, David speaks of proper justice. He shows what kind of justice God accepts, and then, as one giving thanks, he shows the quality of His justice.
In as much as he consults with God, like a priest standing in God’s presence, he first poses two questions, and then offers explanations.
The tent refers to the Church as it struggles on this earth, the Church Militant. The holy hill refers to the Church in the future.
He mentions the merits of those who may dwell in God’s tent and holy hill.
He first describes those things through which a man operates well as such, and then those things through which he is well-related to his neighbor. With respect to the former, his activity and speech are described in relation to exterior things – does what is right and speaks truth.
He describes three things with respect to his neighbor – that he does him no harm, second, that he does not consent to harm and third, that he does not ensnare him.
Finally, he mentions the reward of the righteous, which is, shall never be moved.